The History of the Great Sport: Tennis
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played between two individuals (singles) or between two pairs (doubles). The players use a tennis racket which is strung with a cord to strike the tennis ball -a hollow rubber ball that is covered with felt- over the net into the opponent’s court. The objective is to deliver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to make a valid return and either misses the ball or plays it out of the court. This will gain the other player a point while the player at fault has no change made to his score.
Over the Years
Tennis is a sport that has also been made part of the Olympics and is played at all ages and all levels of society. Paraplegics with the ability to hold a racket use wheelchairs to pursue the sport. Originating in the 19th century, the rules of tennis have barely changed since the 1890s. The only two exceptions were between 1908 and 1961 where the server had to keep at least one foot grounded at all times and in 1970 when the tie breaker was adopted. Now in recent years there has been an addition of electronic review technology in the sport, this coupled with a point challenge system allows players to contest the lie call of a point.
Tennis is a recreational sport that is played by millions worldwide, and is also considered a very popular spectator sport. There are four Grand Slam tournaments (also known as the ‘Majors’) are extremely popular: The French open that is played on red clay courts, Australian open that is played on hard courts, US open that is also played on hard courts, and Wimbledon that is played on grass courts. All these sports are played on a variety of tennis court surface to change the pace of the game.
Some historians believe that the origin of this sport lies in 12th century France, where the palm of the hand was used to strike a ball. Louis X really enjoyed the sport and was a keen player of it as well. He is also known as the first person who constructed an indoor tennis court in the modern style. The design in due course spread across all over Europe. 16th century was the time that the first rackets were introduced and the game began to be called tennis. In 1830, the patenting of the lawn mower is considered to be the catalyst for the construction of the new, modern-style grass tennis court.